Neuro & cognitive sciences

Using the neocortex as a source of inductive biases and constraints; it is a widely held view that the learning efficiency and generalization of the brain comes from its inductive biases.5J. Pearl, “Causality,” New York Cambridge, 2000. The organization of circuits in the neocortex provides rich clues regarding the inductive biases and inference algorithms, and the investigation of these clues in the context of the deficiencies of existing models would enable the discovery of new network architectures, learning algorithms, and inference mechanisms.